More and more rehabilitation specialists are addressing the growing need to help individuals who have non-communicable diseases, such as obesity and diabetes. Often times, physical activity plays a large role as a recommended intervention. Does physical activity have an impact? And, more importantly, how can the targeted individuals be motivated and engaged in long term commitment? Can we learn from this study and extrapolate the ways individuals can be motivated to each of our patients?
Here's a quick abstract on the impact of long-term physical activity.
The Impact of Long-Term Physical Activity Interventions for Overweight/Obese Postmenopausal Women on Adiposity Indicators, Physical Capacity, and Mental Health Outcomes: A Systematic Review.
Physical activity interventions have recently become a popular strategy to help postmenopausal women prevent and manage obesity. The current systematic review evaluates the efficacy of physical activity interventions among overweight and obese postmenopausal women and sheds light on the behavioral change techniques that were employed in order to direct future research. Method. Five electronic databases were searched to identify all prospective RCT studies that examine the impact of physical activity on adiposity indicators, physical capacity, and/or mental health outcomes among healthy, sedentary overweight, and obese postmenopausal women in North America. The behavior change technique taxonomy was used to identify the various strategies applied in the programs. Results. Five RCTs met the inclusion criteria. The findings showed that adiposity indicators and physical capacity outcomes significantly improved following long-term interventions; however, mental health outcomes showed nonsignificant changes. Furthermore, 17 behavior change techniques were identified with the taxonomy across all trials. The intrapersonal-level techniques were the most common. Conclusion. Physical activity interventions had a positive effect on adiposity measures and physical capacity. Future research should focus on testing the effectiveness of physical activity interventions on mental health and incorporate strategies at the individual and environmental level to maximize the health impact on the population.
J Obes. 2016;2016:6169890. doi: 10.1155/2016/6169890. Epub 2016 May 16. 2016;2016:6169890. doi: 10.1155/2016/6169890. Epub 2016 May 16.